About Us

The Tulalip (pronounced Tuh’-lay-lup) Tribes, successors in interest to the Snohomish, Snoqualmie, Skykomish, and other allied tribes and bands signatory to the 1855 Treaty of Point Elliott. Our tribal population is over 4,500 and growing, with 2,500 members residing on the 22,000 acre Tulalip Indian Reservation located north of Everett and the Snohomish River and west of Marysville, Washington. The Reservation is rich with natural resources: marine waters, tidelands, fresh water creeks and lakes, wetlands, forests and developable land. The Tulalip Reservation was reserved for the use and benefit of Indian tribes and bands signatory to the Treaty of Point Elliott of January 22, 1855. Its boundaries were established by the 1855 Treaty and by Executive Order of President U.S. Grant dated December 23, 1873. It was created to provide a permanent home for the Snohomish, Snoqualmie, Skagit, Suiattle, Samish, and Stillaguamish Tribes and allied bands living in the region.

When Tulalip organized in 1934 under the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA), we agreed to adopt the name “Tulalip Tribes” from the Salish word describing the prominent bay on the Reservation. The Federal Government recognizes the Tulalip Tribes as a sovereign Indian Tribe operating under a Tribal Constitution approved by the Secretary of Interior. Our status as a sovereign entity maintains our right to self-govern as a “nation within a nation” and includes the inherent right as a government to raise revenue for our community. These rights are critical as while the U.S. Government in exchange for Tribal land, did pledge by treaty funding for education and other social services - that support has been nominal. In fact, today 92% of our government services, tribal member entitlements, family and senior housing, education, health and dental services, law enforcement, fire protection, infrastructure improvements, and economic growth are funded from within.

The reservation is governed by a board of seven directors chosen by Tribal members for three year terms of service- a modern version of the separate Tribal Councils that governed our Tribes and allied bands for thousands of years here in Puget Sound.

Of the over 3,500 employees working for the Tulalip Tribes, more than two-thirds are working in the Tribes' business enterprises: Tulalip Resort Casino, Quil Ceda Creek Casino, Tulalip Bingo, Leasing, Tulalip Broadband, Salish Networks, Tulalip Data Services, Tulalip Liquor & Smoke Shop, and Quil Ceda Village.

Population Figures

1841 Indians living on Penn’s Cove, Whidbey Island, including mainland (from the Wilkes Expedition) 650
1844 Snohomish Indians 322
1854 Snohomish at south end of Whidbey Island and Snohomish River 350
Upper branches of Snohomish River 300
Snoqualmie River (from Gov. Stevens) 195
Total 845
1870 Snohomish 291
Snoqualmie 301
Total 592
1877 Tulalip Reservation 344
1886 Tulalip Reservation 474
1889 Tulalip Reservation 444
1890 Tulalip Reservation 443
1891 Tulalip Reservation 443
1899 Tulalip Reservation 485
1900 Tulalip Reservation 488
1901 Tulalip Reservation 452
1902 Tulalip Reservation 465
1903 Tulalip Reservation (The agency physician reports the death rate was twice the birth rate this year) 457
1904 Tulalip Reservation 465
1905 Tulalip Reservation 460
1993 Tulalip Reservation 2,500